Dr Shwetha’s Clinic
Flap surgery, also known as periodontal flap surgery or gum surgery, is a dental procedure that is used to treat advanced gum disease. Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a bacterial infection that affects the gums and the supporting structures of the teeth, including the periodontal ligament and the alveolar bone.
Gum disease is typically caused by a build-up of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. If not removed, plaque can harden into tartar, which can only be removed by a dental professional. Gum disease is characterized by inflammation of the gums, which can lead to gum recession, bone loss, and eventually, tooth loss.
Flap surgery is a type of gum surgery that is used to treat advanced gum disease that cannot be managed with non-surgical treatments, such as scaling and root planing. During the procedure, the dental professional will make an incision in the gum tissue and lift it away from the tooth to expose the root surface. They will then remove any infected or damaged tissue, smooth the root surface, and reposition the gum tissue over the tooth. The gum tissue is then sutured into place.
Flap surgery is typically performed under local anesthesia, and the recovery process can vary depending on the individual patient and the extent of the procedure. Pain and swelling are common after flap surgery, and the dental professional will provide instructions on how to manage these symptoms and care for the surgical site.
Overall, flap surgery is a highly effective treatment option for advanced gum disease that can help to save teeth and improve the overall health of the gums. If you are experiencing symptoms of gum disease, such as red or swollen gums, bleeding gums, or persistent bad breath, we encourage you to schedule an appointment with our expert dental professional at Dr shwetha’s dental clinic to discuss your treatment options.